Using with React Spring

Animating props with ease.

This tutorial will assume some React knowledge, and will be based on this starter codesandbox, so just fork it and follow along!

We learned how to create small animations and also how to react to user interactions, but we haven't yet learned how to change these props in a way to create animations.

For that, we are gonna use react-spring. react-spring is a spring physics based animation library and it works perfectly with React Three Fiber as it comes from the same maintainers, and it also has exports specifically created for use with React Three Fiber.

Spring Animations

Let's start by defining some concepts about react-spring as it works with animations in a way you may not be used to. Usually when defining an animation or even a transition in CSS, you tell the code how much time you want the transition to last.

transition: opacity 200ms ease;

This is not how react-spring works, it instead works with springs and what that means is, the animation's flow depends on things like the mass, tension and friction of what you want to animate, and this is exactly what makes it so perfect to use with 3D.

Using react-spring

Let's start by installing it:

npm install three @react-spring/three

After that, we import everything from @react-spring/three as it contains the components that were created specifically for use with React Three Fiber.

We need to import two things from react-spring:

import { useSpring, animated } from '@react-spring/three'

Let's go over them, shall we?

  • useSpring - A hook to transform values into animated-values
  • animated - A component that is used instead of your DOM or mesh, so instead of using mesh you will be using animated.mesh if you want it to be affected by react-spring

Let's create our first spring and attach it to our mesh when the user clicks.

const springs = useSpring({ scale: active ? 1.5 : 1 })

What we did here is create a constant called springs, this constant will hold the animated values.

useSpring itself takes one argument, and that is an object with all the things you want to animate. In this case, we just want to animate the scale and to hop between the value of 1 and the value of 1.5 depending on the active state.

We can also deconstruct the return value of useSpring and just get the value we want, like so:

const { scale } = useSpring({ scale: active ? 1.5 : 1 })

Now that we have this animated value, let's place it in our mesh:

<animated.mesh scale={scale} onClick={() => setActive(!active)} ref={myMesh}>
  <boxGeometry />
  <meshPhongMaterial color="royalblue" />

If you now click on the cube, you can see that it doesn't just jump from one value to the other, but instead it animates smoothly between the two values.

One last touch we might want to add is the wobblier effect to the animation. For that we can import the config object from react-spring:

import { useSpring, animated, config } from '@react-spring/three'

Lastly when we call the hook, we can pass a value for config and pass the wobbly configuration:

const { scale } = useSpring({
  scale: active ? 1.5 : 1,
  config: config.wobbly,

You can check the other configuration options at the react-spring documentation.

What we did in this chapter was:

  • Learn how to use react-spring with React Three Fiber
  • Animate props in our 3D Mesh


  • Animate the position of the mesh using react-spring

Further Reading