Pmndrs.docs

Events

All the events you can hook up to

three.js objects that implement their own raycast method (meshes, lines, etc) can be interacted with by declaring events on them. We support pointer events, clicks and wheel-scroll. Events contain the browser event as well as the three.js event data (object, point, distance, etc). You may want to polyfill them, if that's a concern.

Additionally, there's a special onUpdate that is called every time the object gets fresh props, which is good for things like self => (self.verticesNeedUpdate = true).

Also notice the onPointerMissed on the canvas element, which fires on clicks that haven't hit any meshes.

<mesh
  onClick={(e) => console.log('click')}
  onContextMenu={(e) => console.log('context menu')}
  onDoubleClick={(e) => console.log('double click')}
  onWheel={(e) => console.log('wheel spins')}
  onPointerUp={(e) => console.log('up')}
  onPointerDown={(e) => console.log('down')}
  onPointerOver={(e) => console.log('over')}
  onPointerOut={(e) => console.log('out')}
  onPointerEnter={(e) => console.log('enter')} // see note 1
  onPointerLeave={(e) => console.log('leave')} // see note 1
  onPointerMove={(e) => console.log('move')}
  onPointerMissed={() => console.log('missed')}
  onUpdate={(self) => console.log('props have been updated')}
/>

Event data

({
  ...DomEvent                   // All the original event data
  ...Intersection                 // All of Three's intersection data - see note 2
  intersections: Intersection[]    // The first intersection of each intersected object
  object: Object3D              // The object that was actually hit
  eventObject: Object3D         // The object that registered the event
  unprojectedPoint: Vector3     // Camera-unprojected point
  ray: Ray                      // The ray that was used to strike the object
  camera: Camera                // The camera that was used in the raycaster
  sourceEvent: DomEvent         // A reference to the host event
  delta: number                 // Initial-click delta
}) => ...

How the event-system works, bubbling and capture

the pointerenter and pointerleave events work exactly the same as pointerover and pointerout. Thepointerenter and pointerleave semantics are not implemented.
Some events (such as pointerout) happen when there is no intersection betweeneventObject and the ray. When this happens, the event will contain intersection data from a previous event with this object.

Event propagation (bubbling)

Propagation works a bit differently to the DOM because objects can occlude each other in 3D. The intersections array in the event includes all objects intersecting the ray, not just the nearest. Only the first intersection with each object is included. The event is first delivered to the object nearest the camera, and then bubbles up through its ancestors like in the DOM. After that, it is delivered to the next nearest object, and then its ancestors, and so on. This means objects are transparent to pointer events by default, even if the object handles the event.

event.stopPropagation() doesn't just stop this event from bubbling up, it also stops it from being delivered to farther objects (objects behind this one). All other objects, nearer or farther, no longer count as being hit while the pointer is over this object. If they were previously delivered pointerover events, they will immediately be delivered pointerout events. If you want an object to block pointer events from objects behind it, it needs to have an event handler as follows:

onPointerOver={e => {
  e.stopPropagation()
  // ...
}}

even if you don't want this object to respond to the pointer event. If you do want to handle the event as well as using stopPropagation(), remember that the pointerout events will happen during the stopPropagation() call. You probably want your other event handling to happen after this.

Pointer capture

Because events go to all intersected objects, capturing the pointer also works differently. In the DOM, the capturing object replaces the hit test, but in React Three Fiber, the capturing object is added to the hit test result: if the capturing object was not hit, then all of the hit objects (and their ancestors) get the event first, followed by the capturing object and its ancestors. The capturing object can also use event.stopPropagation() so that objects that really were hit get pointerout events.

Note that you can access the setPointerCapture and releasePointerCapture methods only via event.target: they don't get added to the Object3D instances in the scene graph.

setPointerCapture and releasePointerCapture take a pointerId parameter like in the DOM, but for now they don't have support for multiple active pointers. PRs are welcome!

onPointerDown={e => {
  // Only the mesh closest to the camera will be processed
  e.stopPropagation()
  // You may optionally capture the target
  e.target.setPointerCapture(e.pointerId)
}}
onPointerUp={e => {
  e.stopPropagation()
  // Optionally release capture
  e.target.releasePointerCapture(e.pointerId)
}}